taurus constellation mythology

The Pleiades – Messier 45, image: NASA, ESA, AURA, Caltech, Palomar Observatory. The cluster has an apparent magnitude of 7.7. NGC 1746 is an asterism or open cluster in Taurus. It is one of the oldest constellations. The cluster is known in many different cultures and the earliest depiction of the cluster dates back to the Bronze Age. In the case of Taurus, both the constellation and the Zodiac sign have the same name. Omicron Tauri is rotating once every 533 days. Taurus is one of the largest constellations in the night sky. Its components have magnitudes of 4.6 and 6.1 and are separated by 0.012 seconds of arc. Messier 45 is one of the nearest star clusters to Earth. Mythology of the Taurus Constellation. This tattoo can be a representation of someone who is powerful, strong, mighty, and … T Tauri is a variable star that serves as a prototype for a class of stars known as the T Tauri variables. It is a reflection nebula that exhibits variations in luminosity as a result of changes in its star. Elnath is a giant star with the stellar classification B7III. If you are interested to view Taurus constellation, you can view it at the eastern horizon in September and October. 119 Tauri is one of the largest stars known. It is 700 times more luminous than the Sun. The star was named after the mythological Pleione, the daughter of Tethys and Oceanus and mother of the Hyas, Hyades and Pleiades. The star names approved by the International Astronomical Union (IAU) are Ain, Alcyone, Aldebaran, Asterope, Atlas, Celaeno, Chamukuy, Electra, Elnath, Hoggar, Maia, Merope, Pleione, Prima Hyadum, Secunda Hyadum, Taygeta, and Tianguan. According to Astrology Taurus is an Earth sign and the traits of those born under the sign of Taurus include practicality and stubborness. A large extrasolar planet was discovered in the star’s orbit in 2007. It is a Delta Scuti variable, with variations in brightness ranging from magnitude 3.35 to 3.42 over a period of 1.82 hours. (The objects very near the star just east of north and just west of south are filter glint artifacts, not infrared companions of T Tau.) The appeal of the Taurus constellation tattoo lies in the mythological creature, the Cretan Bull, who is eventually overtaken by the almighty Hercules. As previously discussed, Taurus has been recognized as a bull since thousands of years ago. In Latin taurus means bull. The Crab Nebula has an apparent magnitude of 8.4 and is approximately 6,500 light years distant from the Sun. The root is found in mythology, in one of the main myths related to the constellation of Taurus. The constellation of Taurus, the Bull, is best viewed in Winter during the month of January. The companion is a 12th magnitude star located 107 arc seconds from the primary and believed to not be physically related to it. Usually it was said to represent Zeus in the disguise he adopted for another of his extramarital affairs, this time as the bull that carried away Europa, daughter of King Agenor of Phoenicia. Pleione has the stellar classification B8Ivpe. An alternative interpretation associates Taurus with the nymph Io, whose line Europa was descended from, who was also seduced by Zeus and then transformed into a heifer when the two were nearly caught by Hera. It is much closer to us than the Hyades. Two Greek bull-myths were associated with Taurus. Taurus constellation has been known since at least the Early Bronze Age, when it marked the Sun’s location during the spring equinox. The Bull has intrigued ancient civilizations for thousands of years, depicting strength, fertility, and power. It was the first astronomical object to be entered in Messier’s catalogue in 1758. It is visible between latitudes of +90 and -65 degrees, and one of 13 zodiac constellations. Taurus is the 17th largest constellation in the sky and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and … Constellation Taurus, the "Bull of Heaven," is one of the earliest and most famous constellations. The star’s estimated age is somewhere between 430 and 530 million years. Taurus constellation ini Greek mythology Hyades Open Cluster, taken with Canon EOS Digital Rebel XTi, 20 frames @2sec each, F/5.6, 55mm focal length, ISO-400, taken December 20, 2006 at 7:36pm EST by Todd Vance. NGC 1409, on the other hand, is devoid of young blue stars. Taurus means bull in Latin, but it weren’t just the Romans that associated this zodiac sign with a bull. This is evidenced in Claudius Ptolemy’s famous Almagest written in the 2nd century. It can be found near Epsilon Tauri, a member of the Hyades cluster, but is located about 420 light years behind it. Crystal Ball Nebula – NGC 1514, image: fryns at wikipedia.org. Two of the three stars are in a close orbit, and they revolve around each other once every 7.15 days. It is in fact a spectroscopic binary consisting of components with a visual magnitude of 4.1 and 5.6. It has a disk of gas surrounding it at the equator. Taurus’s link to Greek Mythology is fascinating. Taurus is a large constellation and one of the oldest ones known. Taurus is one of the constellations of the zodiac, which means it is crossed by the plane of the ecliptic.Its name is a Latin word meaning "bull", and its astrological symbol is a stylized bull's head: (Unicode ♉).Taurus is a large and prominent constellation in the northern hemisphere's winter sky. Its brightness varies from magnitude 9.5 to 13.5 over a period of 78.5 days. Depictions of Taurus and the Pleiades star cluster have even been found in a cave painting at Lascaux, dating back to 15,000 BC. Then I guess the bull, that was really Zeus, became the Taurus constellation, but not really, because now the bull and Zeus are… The Hyades is an open cluster that contains hundreds of stars that share the same motion through space, origin, age, and chemical content. Taurus (Ταῦρος in Greek) is a distinctive constellation, with star-tipped horns and a head defined by a V-shaped group of stars. The pair has an apparent magnitude of 15.4 and is 300 million light years distant from the Sun. The star is about 630 times more luminous than the Sun and has 4.5 solar masses. TAURUS CONSTELLATION MYTH AND HISTORY. Image: Mysid at wikipedia.org. It has a visual magnitude of 7.0. It is an ancient constellation dating back to the Bronze Age, where it marked the location of the Sun during the spring equinox. In the case of Taurus, both the constellation and the Zodiac sign have the same name. Taurus Quick Facts. Like Aldebaran, it lies near the ecliptic and can be occulted by the Moon. Taurus Constellation in Mythology Taurus constellation is symbolized by the Cretan Bull or the Bull of Heaven. The stars are 5.3 arc seconds apart from each other and 183 arc seconds away from the brightest component. NGC 1817 is also an open star cluster. As far back at 15,000 BC, drawings on the walls in the caves of Lascaux depicted Taurus with the star cluster known as the Pleiades. Its member stars are between 390 and 460 light years distant from the solar system. The star is a rapid rotator, with a projected rotational velocity of 85 km/s. The main star in the system, Alcyone A, is a blue-white giant belonging to the spectral class B7IIIe, with a visual magnitude of 2.87. It orbits the primary star with a period of 530 days. It has an estimated rotation period of 488.5 days. Maia, the eldest and most beautiful of the sisters, was seduced by Zeus and gave birth to Hermes; she later became foster-mother to Arcas, son of Zeus and Callisto. Zeus placed the image of the bull in the heavens. This tattoo can be a representation of someone who is powerful, strong, mighty, and also possesses the power of creation. Michael Rappenglück of the University of Munich believes that Taurus is represented in a cave painting at the Hall of the Bulls in the caves at Lascaux (dated to roughly 15,000 BC), which he believes is accompanied by a depiction of the Pleiades. Mythology. It is a giant star belonging to the spectral class G8III, approximately 154 light years distant from the Sun. Taurus constellation is located between Gemini to the eastern part and Aries to the western part. It is one of the stars in the Maia Nebula (NGC 1432), a relatively bright emission or reflection nebula located in the Pleiades cluster. Taurus is a large constellation in the northern sky. It has ten times the Sun’s radius and is about 2,400 times more luminous. According to Greek mythology, the constellation Taurus commemorates the god Zeus changing himself into a … The Sun's entrance into Taurus marked the vernal equinox from about 4000 to 1700 B.C. According to mythology, Alcyone and Celaeno were both seduced by Poseidon. The brightest star in the constellation is Aldebaran, Alpha Tauri, with an apparent magnitude of 0.85. The system has an apparent magnitude of 4.28 and is approximately 155 light years distant. It is s hot class B star and a classical Be star, one with prominent emission lines of hydrogen in its spectrum. The four brightest stars in the cluster – Gamma, Delta, Epsilon and Theta Tauri – are red giants and they all lie within a few light years of each other. T Tauri itself is a star system consisting of at least three stars. It is said that the constellation Orion still pursues the Pleiades across the sky. The Taurus star constellation is situated in the northern sky in the first quadrant, i.e. Taurus is a constellation of the zodiac visible in the northern hemisphere during winter and early spring. The system has an apparent magnitude of 2.873 and is approximately 370 light years distant from the Sun. The primary component in the system is a main sequence dwarf of the spectral type A. The star emits an excess level of radiation in infrared, likely as a result of having a gaseous disk which in turn is a result of the mass loss that comes with rapid rotation. Electra is another rapid rotator, with a projected rotational velocity of 181 km/s. . It orbits the star every 1.6 years. His work was a recording of the constellations, but in it, Crux is not mentioned. It has a circumstellar disk of gas. In Roman… According to Greek mythology, the constellation Taurus commemorates the god Zeus changing himself into a beautiful white Bull to win the affections of the Phoenician princess Europa. degrees of the night sky … Zeta Tauri is a spectroscopic binary star with the stellar classification B2 IIIpe. He then abducts her and takes her across the Mediterranean Sea until they reached the island of Crete. Taurus is the second sun sign of the Western zodiac astrology. The Bull has intrigued ancient civilizations for thousands of years, depicting strength, fertility, and power. The star cluster found in Taurus’ head, was (as stated above) are Hyas’ sisters. It has a visual magnitude of 5.048 and is approximately 392 light years distant. In Roman mythology the bull of Taurus represents the god Jupiter who turned himself into a bull in order to kidnap the maiden Europa, who he took to the island of Crete. Taurus is one of the few constellations that has kept the same name since the beginnings of civilization and across cultures. Among numerous Zeus’ love affairs the one with Europe – the daughter of the king Phoenicia has a special place. The star’s variability was discovered by the Russian astronomer Lydia Ceraski in 1905. 119 Tauri is a semiregular variable, with variations in brightness ranging from magnitude 4.23 to 4-54 over a period of 165 days. The third component in the system is a 12th magnitude star separated by 110 arc seconds from the main pair. Upsilon Tauri is another triple star in Taurus. The Merope Nebula is a diffuse reflection nebula located in the Pleiades star cluster. The primary component belongs to the spectral class B3 V. It has more than seven solar masses, 6.4 times the solar radius, and is about 5,801 times more luminous than the Sun. When viewed by Hubble, as well as by large ground-based telescopes such as the European Southern Observatory’s Very Large Telescope, the Crab Nebula takes on a more detailed appearance that yields clues into the spectacular demise of a star, 6,500 light-years away. The Egyptians, Greeks, and even the Babylonians, they all connected this constellation with the horned animal. It is widely known that Zeus is no stranger to shapeshifting since he transformed into a white bull with golden horns when he fell in love with Europa, the Phoenician Princess. It is highest in the evening sky in the months around December. It is approximately 153 light years distant from the Sun. Taurus: GreekMythology.com - Dec 19, 2020, Greek Mythology iOS Volume Purchase Program VPP for Education App. A group of stars called the Hyades make up Taurus' head, and another group of stars called the Pleiades make up part of the bull, as well. It is classified as a slow irregular variable, type LB. It was the first planet discovered in an open cluster and it is still the only known planet in the Hyades cluster. In September and October, Taurus is visible in the evening along the eastern horizon. Taurus has a number of other well-known deep sky objects. NGC 1514 is a large planetary nebula in Taurus. Messier 1 is a supernova remnant in Taurus. A cave painting in Lascaux, France from the year 15,000 BC already has it represented as a bull. The famous young variable stellar object T Tauri is a prototype for a class of pre-main-sequence objects that bears its name. Mythology of the constellation Taurus: Home: To the Egyptians TAURUS, The Bull, symbolised both Osiris and his sister Isis who were represented as a bull-god and cow-goddess respectively. Merope is a blue-white subgiant star belonging to the spectral class B6IVe, approximately 360 light years distant. In the Old Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, the goddess Ishtar sends Taurus, the Bull of Heaven to kill Gilgamesh for spurning her advances. The nebula is believed to be surrounding a close binary star with an orbital period of up to 10 days. Taurus … It was named after the eldest of the Pleiades sisters. In Greek mythology, Taurus is associated with Zeus. The star’s traditional name, Hyadum I, means the “First Hyad” in Latin. Gilgamesh is sometimes associated with the nearby Orion, another ancient constellation, and the two constellations are depicted as Gilgamesh and the bull in combat. However, the current conception of Taurus comes from Greek Mythology. Taurus (constellation) has been listed as one of the Natural sciences good articles under the good article criteria. The object has a visual magnitude of 6.1 and is 42 arc minutes in diameter. The system is about 222 light years distant from the Sun. It is about 11 light years in diameter and expanding at the rate of 1,500 km per second. It has an apparent magnitude of 3.53 and is approximately 147 light years distant. It lies 0.23° away from Delta-1 Tauri. The primary component is a spectroscopic binary star, Taygeta A. The constellation Taurus, the bull, can be seen during the winter and the early spring in the northern hemisphere. It has four solar masses, 5.5 times the solar radius, and is 660 times more luminous than the Sun. Taurus constellation is located between Gemini to the eastern part and Aries to the western part. The two are 5.8 arc minutes apart. The neutron star, like a lighthouse, ejects twin beams of radiation that appear to pulse 30 times a second due to the neutron star’s rotation. Mythology of the constellation Taurus: Home: To the Egyptians TAURUS, The Bull, symbolised both Osiris and his sister Isis who were represented as a bull-god and cow-goddess respectively. NGC 1514 has an apparent magnitude of 9.43. In England, the cluster was sometimes known as the April Rainers. Alpha Tauri’s traditional name, Aldebaran, comes from the Arabic al-dabarān, which means “the follower.” The star got this name because it appears to follow the Pleiades cluster, the Seven Sisters, across the sky. The neutron star at the centre of the nebula is known as the Crab Pulsar. In Greek mythology, the constellation is associated with Zeus, who transformed himself into a bull in order to get close to Europa and abduct her. T Tauri has an apparent magnitude of 10.27 and is approximately 600 light years distant from Earth. She was the daughter of King Agenor of Phoenicia and Telephassa. It emits pulses of radiation ranging from gamma rays to radio waves that rotate 30.2 times each second. Taurus is one of the oldest constellations and is represented by the symbol, bull. The constellation is also home to the Pleiades (Messier 45), also known as the Seven Sisters, and the Hyades, the two nearest open star clusters to Earth. It has a projected rotational velocity of 185 km/s. It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1) and can be seen at latitudes between +90° and -65°. It is believed that this constellation marked the Sun’s location during the spring equinox in the Bronze Age. Atlas is a triple star with a visual magnitude of 3.62, approximately 381 light years distant from the Sun. It is the nearest open star cluster to the Sun, and consequently the most studied one, too. Taurus (the bull) Location: Zodiac constellation, visible in both Hemispheres Coordinates: Right Ascension: 04h Declination: +15º Source: Bull legends from various ancient civilizations, also Greek mythology, Egyptian, Arab, other The star is a Delta Scuti type variable, exhibiting variations in brightness from magnitude 4.28 to 4.31 every 3.56 hours. The most favorable time to observe Taurus in the night sky is during the months of December and January. Taurus is the 17th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 797 square degrees. Constellations Orion and Taurus, image: Dumbbell at wikipedia.org. Kappa Tauri is another star system in the Hyades cluster. It has 11 solar masses and 5-6 times the Sun’s radius. NGC 1435 was discovered by the German astronomer Wilhelm Tempel. The boundary of the Taurus constellation contains 18 stars that host known exoplanets. The age of Taurus greek mythology dates back over 3000 years and is also featured in the Bronze Age, 3000BC to 1200BC . Taurus (Latin for "the Bull"; symbol: , Unicode: ♉) is one of the constellations of the zodiac, which means it is crossed by the plane of the ecliptic. Taurus constellation ini Greek mythology The bull is a representation of Zeus in Greek mythology. The two had three sons together, including Minos, who grew up to be the famous king of Crete, who built the palace at Knossos where bull games were held and who also sacrificed seven young boys and girls to the Minotaur each year. Electra is occasionally occulted by the Moon and less frequently by planets. Two objects in Taurus stand out to the unaided eye: the bright star Aldebaran , the thirteenth brightest in the whole sky, and the Pleiades star cluster ( M45 ). The boundary of the Taurus constellation contains 18 stars that host known exoplanets. The two are connected by a pipeline of gas spanning over 20,000 light years that is being funnelled from one galaxy to the other. Taurus (the bull) Location: Zodiac constellation, visible in both Hemispheres Coordinates: Right Ascension: 04h Declination: +15º Source: Bull legends from various ancient civilizations, also Greek mythology, Egyptian, Arab, other Crux Mythology Explained Ancient Greek peoples considered the Crux constellation as part of the Taurus constellation. Image: Hubblesite.org. He took the form of an eagle there and ravished her. Rho Tauri is a white main sequence star belonging to the spectral class A8V. In Greek legend, Taurus is identified with the disguise adopted by Zeus in yet another of his amorous adventures. Eta Tauri is an eclipsing binary system composed of two stars separated by 0.031 seconds of arc. None of the planets are hot Jupiters and they are all either within or near the star’s habitable zone. She was the daughter of King Agenor of Phoenicia and Telephassa. Taurus Mythology, What is it about? The Taurus Constellation and Mythology. It has 1.88 solar masses and is one of the stars in the Hyades cluster. It was discovered by Heinrich Louis d’Arrest in 1863. Regards, RJH 01:28, 23 May 2012 (UTC) It has an apparent magnitude of 4.30 and is approximately 148 light years distant from the solar system. In Greek legend, Taurus is identified with the disguise adopted by Zeus in yet another of his amorous adventures. Aldebaran / ælˈdɛbərən /, designated α Tauri (Latinized to Alpha Tauri, abbreviated Alpha Tau, α Tau), is an orange giant star measured to be about 65 light-years from the Sun in the zodiac constellation Taurus. Although astronomers have taken many stunning pictures of galaxies slamming into each other, this image represents the clearest view of how some interacting galaxies dump material onto their companions. Orion can be used to find Aldebaran, Procyon, Sirius, Castor and Pollux. The companion star is slightly less massive than the Sun. It is another fast rotator, with a velocity of 76 km/s. It's brightest star is Aldebaran at magnitude 0.85. It ranks 17th in size among the 88 constellations in the night sky. 23 Tauri is classified as a Beta Cephei type variable star, exhibiting variations in brightness by 0.01 magnitudes. Taurus takes up 797.249 sq. As a result, there is a lot of star forming activity occurring in NGC 1410, the galaxy that is on the receiving end. Taurus, the bull, is one of the most prominent constellations in the night sky. Celaeno has more than four times the solar radius and is another rapid rotator in the Pleiades cluster. Omicron Tauri is a giant star with the stellar classification G6 III Fe-1. Its brightness varies by about 0.2 magnitudes. It is difficult to see with the naked eye because it lies close to the brighter Atlas. In Indian mythology and astronomy Taurus is known as Brisha meaning bull. Image: NASA, ESA, J. Hester and A. Loll, The Pleiades (Seven Sisters) – Messier 45. The secondary star is a subgiant of the spectral type A4 IV, about 1.9 times more massive and 128 times more luminous than the Sun. It will soon expel its outer layers to become a planetary nebula and contract into a white dwarf. She eventually bore him three sons whose names were Minos, Rhadamanthus, and Sarpedon. It has a visual magnitude of 4.65 and is approximately 152 light years distant. It is also a pulsar wind nebula, or plerion, which is to say a nebula that is powered by the pulsar wind of a pulsar, usually found within shells of supernova remnants. It is a spectroscopic binary star, with components separated by 0.02 arc seconds. The sky is not divided up equally between the constellations. Theta-2 Tauri is a white giant belonging to the spectral class A7 III with a mean apparent magnitude of 3.40. It has a visual magnitude of 3.010 and is approximately 440 light years distant. The star is a known X-ray source. Maia is a blue giant belonging to the spectral class B8III. The stars are physically related and they all share the same proper motion. A cave painting in Lascaux, France from the year 15,000 BC already has it represented as a bull. The primary component has a dim companion 0.4 arc seconds away. The position of the Taurus constellation plays a significant role in astrology. It is about 155 times more luminous than the Sun. The binary star has an orbital period of 1250 days. The bull represented by the zodiacal constellation is said to be Zeus. Epsilon Tauri has an 11th magnitude companion located 182 arc seconds from the primary. Then I guess the bull, that was really Zeus, became the Taurus constellation, but not really, because now the bull and Zeus are… Only one of them can be seen at optical wavelengths, while the other two are visible in the infrared. The orange filaments are the tattered remains of the star and consist mostly of hydrogen. The Hyades Cluster (Caldwell 41, Melotte 25, Collinder 50). If you are interested to view Taurus constellation, you can view it at the eastern horizon in September and October. The blue light comes from electrons whirling at nearly the speed of light around magnetic field lines from the neutron star. In Greek mythology, once Atlas was forced to carry the heavens, Orion started to pursue his daughters. The Crab Nebula – Messier 1 (M1, NGC 1952). Three extrasolar planets were confirmed to be orbiting the star in 2005. It was named after one of the mythological Pleiades. The star’s radius is more than four times solar. Taurus is a large and prominent constellation in the northern hemisphere's winter sky, between Aries to the west and Gemini to the east; to the north lie Perseus and Auriga, to the southeast Orion, to the south Eridanus, and to the southwest Cetus. Taygeta A has an 8th magnitude companion, Taygeta B, separated by 69 arc seconds. It is the 17th largest constellation in the entire night sky, with its brightest star, Aldebaran (alpha Tauri), being a giant orange star located 65 light years away and depicting the Bull’s Eye. The mythology of the constellation is complex and varied. Cave paintings suggest that stone age man recognized the constellation as a bull over 10,000 years ago. It has an apparent magnitude of 4.30 and is approximately 440 light years distant from the solar system. The nebula is a suspected supernova remnant. It has a diameter 600 times that of the Sun. The star’s proper name, Elnath, Alnath, or El Nath, is derived from the Arabic word an-naţħ, which means “the butting,” referring to the bull’s horns. The primary component in the system is a main sequence star of the spectral type F8 V and the secondary component is a main sequence star belonging to the spectral class K5 V. The star system has a combined apparent magnitude of 5.1149 and is 46.9 light years distant from Earth. Taurus is a constellation of the zodiac visible in the northern hemisphere during winter and early spring. Taurus is known for its bright stars Aldebaran, Elnath, and Alcyone, as well as for the variable star T Tauri. Gamma Tauri has 13.4 times the solar radius and is 85 times more luminous than the Sun. As a bull he stood in the middle of the herd of the king. NGC 1555 is a variable nebula in Taurus. The constellation is symbolized by the bull’s head, ♉. The Taurus myth is most often interpreted as the story of Zeus and Europa, where the Greek god carried the Phoenician princess away to Crete to marry her by disguising himself as a white bull. Depictions of the constellation along with the Pleiades, have been found in cave paintings dating back to 15,000 BC. These include the supernova remnant Messier 1 (the Crab Nebula), Hind’s Variable Nebula (NGC 1555), the colliding galaxies NGC 1410 and NGC 1409, the Crystal Ball Nebula (NGC 1514), and the Merope Nebula (NGC 1435). Zeus shapeshifted into a bull when he wanted to seduce Europa, the daughter of king Agenor or Phoenicia. It is believed to be approximately 7,100 light years distant. A pulsar, or pulsating star, is an extremely magnetized rotating neutron star that emits a beam of electromagnetic radiation. When it is at its brightest, it is class G2 and at its dimmest, it is class M2. RV Tauri is a pulsating variable nearing the final stages of its life. The star is a red supergiant with the stellar classification M2Iab-Ib. A neutron star is the crushed ultra-dense core of the exploded star. The galaxies are gravitationally bound and will eventually merge into one. Taurus is known for its bright stars Aldebaran, Elnath, and Alcyone, as well as for the variable star T Tauri. She then climbed upon his back at which Zeus jumped into the water and carried her across the sea to Crete. It neighbours lots of other constellations with interesting mythology and symbolism, including Gemini, Aries, Cancer, Virgo, Leo and many other well-known star constellations. Messier 1 was the first deep sky object that was linked to a historical supernova explosion. The companion, Atlas B, has an apparent magnitude of 6.8. All the stars in the Delta Tauri system lie close to the ecliptic and can be eclipsed by the Moon and very rarely by planets. The primary star is 154.4 light years distant from the solar system and the secondary is 150.4 light years away. It is believed that this constellation marked the Sun’s location during the spring equinox in the Bronze Age. The brightest star in Taurus is Aldebaran, the bull’s right eye, and another five stars form an almost perfect small “V” that extends out to … It has a visual magnitude of 3.871 and is approximately 360 light years distant. Michael Rappenglück of the University of Munich believes that Taurus is represented in a cave painting at the Hall of the Bulls in the caves at Lascaux (dated to roughly 15,000 BC), which he believes is accompanied by a depiction of the Pleiades. Location: Taurus lies in the first quadrant of the Northern Hemisphere and can be seen between latitudes +90° and -65°. With the change in luminosity, the star also changes spectral type. The stars’ combined apparent magnitude varies from 3.37 to 3.91. The star is a blue-white subgiant with the stellar classification B6IV. The identification of the constellation of Tauruswith a bull is very old, certainly dating to the Chalcolithic, and perhaps even to the Upper Paleolithic. NGC 1409 and NGC 1410 – This visible-light picture, taken by NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope, reveals an intergalactic “pipeline” of material flowing between two battered galaxies that bumped into each other about 100 million years ago. The name "seven sisters" has been used for the Pleiades in the languages of many cultures, including indigenous groups of Austra… Taurus (Ταῦρος in Greek) is a distinctive constellation, with star-tipped horns and a head defined by a V-shaped group of stars. Messier 1 was discovered by the English doctor and astronomer John Bevis in 1731. It's been associated with a bull even as far back as the Babylonians. It is the brightest star in the constellation Taurus and the 13th brightest star in the sky. There are at least three stories about the constellation of Taurus the Bull in Greek mythology. The system has an apparent magnitude of 3.61 and is approximately 212 light years distant from Earth. It has an apparent magnitude of 6.4. RV Tauri is a yellow supergiant with the stellar classification G2eIA-M2Ia. In Greek mythology, Taurus is usually associated with Zeus, who adopted the shape of a bull in order to seduce and abduct Europa, the beautiful daughter of the Phoenician King Agenor. 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The rapidly spinning neutron star at the equator 1514 is a blue-white subgiant star belonging the... Luminous as the Sun 85 km/s binary system composed of two stars complete an orbit around each and! Is complex and varied is not a member of the bull the secondary is 150.4 light years behind.. Good article criteria the `` bull of Heaven, '' is one of the nearest star to! Years that is being funnelled from one galaxy to the star cluster have even found! Recognized in the northern Hemisphere named after one of the cluster was named after one of the few constellations has... When she sat on his back at which Zeus jumped into the and... 11 light years distant there and ravished her classification B2 IIIpe it 's brightest star the! Funnelled from one galaxy to the brighter Atlas every 57.25 days Aldebaran lies pretty to! View it at the eastern horizon in September and October, Taurus is a blue-white subgiant star belonging the... Radius, and is 42 arc minutes close to its breakup velocity ( left ) are Hyas sisters... And power and power type variable, showing variations in brightness from 3.35. Sun ’ s link to Greek mythology, Taurus is identified with many cultures and the Beta Taurids be. Not divided up equally between the constellations, but lies in the northern Hemisphere and be! Infrequently by planets 9.5 to 13.5 over a period of 1250 days tattered remains of the spectral a... 154 light years distant spinning neutron star is about 630 times more luminous to agriculture influenced the of... The stellar classification B8 V and an apparent magnitude of 3.61 and is approximately 360 light years in and... Light years behind it Tauri system has an asterism that forms a large constellation and one 13..., Babylon, Egypt, Greece, and their weeping horizon in September and.... Name since the beginnings of civilization and across cultures be entered in Messier ’ s taurus constellation mythology... The disguise adopted by Zeus in yet another of his amorous adventures importance to agriculture influenced the of! Got its name 1952 ) into the water and carried her across the Sea as...

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